What is Through-Hole Soldering?

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Editorial Team - PCB Directory

Feb 14, 2023

Through Hole Soldering - learn how to do it once and for all

Through-hole soldering is a manufacturing process in which electronic components are mounted onto a printed circuit board (PCB) by inserting their leads, or wires, through holes and then soldering them in place on the opposite side. This method is in contrast to surface mount technology (SMT), which involves soldering components directly to the surface of the PCB without the use of holes.

Through-hole soldering has been around for several decades and is still widely used today, especially for larger components or those that require more robust connections. One of the main advantages of through-hole soldering is that it provides a strong mechanical connection between the component and the PCB, making it suitable for applications that may subject the PCB to physical stress or vibration.

The process of through-hole soldering typically involves the following steps:

  1. First, the leads of the components are inserted through the holes in the PCB.
  2. The leads are then bent outward on the opposite side of the PCB to hold the component in place.
  3. The PCB is then placed on a soldering machine, which applies heat to the leads and melts a small amount of solder around them.
  4. The solder cools and solidifies, forming a secure electrical and mechanical connection between the component and the PCB.

There are several factors that can affect the quality of a through-hole soldering joint, including the size and shape of the holes, the type and amount of solder used, and the temperature and duration of the soldering process. Proper training and equipment are necessary to ensure that the joints are strong and reliable.

Through-hole soldering is a critical step in the manufacturing of many electronic devices, and it requires precision and attention to detail to ensure the proper functioning of the finished product. Despite the advent of newer soldering technologies, through-hole soldering remains an important and widely used method in the electronics industry.

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